Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is basically caused by the retrovirus named HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS meaning is that it affects the immune system of the human in a way that each part starts failing slowly and lastly results in death. Unfortunately, there is no treatment yet found to cure this disease. AIDS virus gets introduced due to either unprotected sex, genetical pass-on, ill-hygiene maintained by the doctors while treating the patients like sharing of same syringes. The cure only could happen when HIV guidelines of treatment are followed and it’s abrupted at that level only. One should be, therefore, known to the early symptoms of HIV.
AIDS meaning is not very known and less education serves illiteracy in terms of its prevention. Early symptoms of HIV is the first sign of the introduction to the AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). HIV is a retrovirus. A retrovirus can be of two types – the one followed by the DNA, which affects one and then transforms into the other and affects the other. And the second is through the RNA, which is through a human-human transfer of viruses. Example of the later is the HIV. As curing of AIDS is not nearly possible, one should be known to the HIV guidelines, to avoid further viruses to affect the body immune.
Early Symptoms of HIV
The symptoms may not be seen immediately after getting infected, however, they can be seen after a few months or even after many years passed. However, if treated on time, one can prevent being affected by the AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).
Some of the early symptoms of HIV are:
- High fever
- Joint pains and muscle aches
- Throat soaring
- Red rashes on the body
- Enlarged glands
- Feeling tired very soon
- Unexpected weight loss
- Heavy sweatings (particular at nights)
- Continuous weakness
These are the early symptoms of HIV. But do remember, these symptoms could also be felt due to other viruses or bacteria attacks on the body. Also, HIV could be treated in its initial stages and AIDS meaning is its incurable.
Symptomless Retrovirus HIV (Asymptomatic HIV)
At times, after suffering through these early symptoms of HIV, one does not suffer from any serious symptom for a long time. However, the AIDS virus inside is affecting the immune system badly. It may be felt in some more years.
On contrary, the people identified their disease, and who have started a proper medication, could survive and fight to the AIDS virus from spreading and affecting their immune system.
The Last Stage of HIV – AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
If the early symptoms of HIV are not treated properly, it might reach the last stage. This may cause the stage 3 HIV, also called the AIDS. The last stage is serious and the person comes to an edge to die. It is difficult to cure the AIDS virus.
The symptoms of the last stage HIV are
- Diarrhea, continuous or at times
- Vision is blurred
- Coughing, usually dry
- Shortness of breath
- White spots on tongue or mouth
- Heavy and unreasonable weight loss
- Fever above 37 degrees for weeks.
- Permanently tired
A team in 2009 went for a research in Africa for making a count of Chimpanzees. However, their study showcased that these animals also suffered from a similar disease of what humans do. And once infected from this disease similar to the AIDS virus the Chimpanzee’s death rate increased by a rate of 10-16 times higher. This disease of the Chimpanzees was named as the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus(SIV), similar to Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.
It is evident that may be through hunting, and eating the meat of these infected chimpanzees the AIDS virus must have got into the humans. In this way, we got the AIDS meaning and its occurrence between humans.
Causes of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
The HIV is transmitted mainly due to following three reasons. These include the causes of AIDS in the HIV guidelines, and one should be particular about the following
This can be due to one of the person is already infected with the HIV. An unprotected sex with an already infected person serves with an infection to other.
Genetically passed on
A mother suffering from the HIV could transfer her AIDS virus to the new-born baby. However, the passing on can be restricted by taking certain measures while delivering the child and not providing the mother’s milk or by prior and medication of the mother.
Transmission of the Blood
When the blood is transmitted from an infected to a non-infected person, it obviously invites diseases. Ill-hygiene in the hospitals by the doctors could be the main reason to this. Use of same syringes is very dangerous and hence infects the opposite. Therefore, the early symptoms of HIV should be treated on time.
An antiretroviral drug is the only present solution to AIDS. Though it’s not a direct solution but does help to cure the virus or the first stages of the AIDS i.e. the HIV.
For curing the third and the last stage of HIV, the AIDS, no treatment has been found. Therefore, one can only cure it in its initial stages. One should know the HIV symptoms, causes, and it’s proper treatment according to the HIV guidelines. To one’s good news, according to a study, now it has been declared that the person suffering from HIV is treated with ART( Anti Retroviral Treatment) and his virus remains undetectable, then he is somehow allowed to be sexually involved with an HIV negative opposite. The opposite will not get infected if the virus is not detectable in the patient anymore.
The Unnecessary Myths
There are many myths followed by the people regarding the patients suffering from AIDS. Let us see which activities won’t let the normal people get infected from the AIDS sufferers.
- Casually kissed
- If sneezed on you
- If you touch the unbroken
- Shared towels, clothes, or toilets
- Gave mouth to mouth resuscitation
- Or any other forms of casual contacts, do not lead to any transmission of viruses.
An awareness regarding the HIV and AIDS should be made to the public. In the society, the causes, and symptoms of the diseases should be known to all. It is just not a necessity to the hour but can save many more lives.
Education towards healthy and protected sex, well – hygiene hospitals, and proper medications is necessary. The proper way of treating a patient in the society suffering from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is equally important. HIV being the first stage, one should be well-known to the HIV guidelines to follow. It will help to stop the growth of the AIDS virus.