Every 1 in 100 children suffers from cardiac arrest. The small age is also falling prey to the life-taking disease like congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, coronary heart disease. The major reason for it is the food and the lifestyle. Obesity, increased cholesterol, chain-smoking, genetic passing, frequent angina, congenital heart diseases are some of the reasons for a Cardiac arrest. Following are the answers to all the doubts about the Cardiac arrest and the Heart Attack.
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) was considered to affect the adults mostly. The people with a very busy schedule, fewer nutrients in meals, and less sleep fall prey to the SCA. However, now not only adults but also the newborn equally are falling prey to it. Common angina, pain in the neck/arms, breathing difficulties, etc shouldn’t be ignored. Regular checkups of the children should be done. One should also learn the CPR technique and should be known to the emergency actions to perform. Let us take a look at the causes of the Cardiac arrest.
1. Heart Defect Was Never Detected
The common factor that the patients or family does not take the symptom seriously resulting in the sudden cardiac arrest and death. It is one of the main causes of death because of the heart attack in the United States. Around 325,000 people die out a cardiac arrest or the heart attack every year. One should be aware of the CPR techniques as it is necessarily important to save a person.
2. Genetic Disorder
The Congenital Heart Disease, Cardiomyopathy, high cholesterol is a genetic passing from the parent to the child. Mostly when a child is given a birth, a disease is detected in the baby. These babies need special care to be taken throughout their lives. Heart attacks or the cardiac arrests are a major risk to these kids in future. A congenital heart disease is mainly caused due to defects in the heart valves, blood vessels. The improper growth, an incorrect flow of blood comes from the congenital heart disease.
3. Ventricular Fibrillation
The heart is made up of four parts. One of the parts is the right atrium. The upper part of this right atrium is the sinus node. The heart is the organ where the electrical pulses are created in the organ itself. The sinus node functions to create these electrical pulses.
When a problem occurs in the functioning of this node, the heart malfunctions by either fast beating or slow beating. When the heart beats go out of the control, there are greater chances of cardiac arrest. This is known as the ventricular fibrillation. CPR technique would help beneficially.
4. Coronary Arteries are blocked
The coronary arteries are the one which provides all the nutrients(oxygen and blood) to the heart to function properly. When a blockage occurs in these arteries, a heart attack is expected to happen.
1. The person collapses all of a sudden
2. When checked there are no pulses running
3. The person isn’t breathing
4. The person starts losing his consciousness as the brain damage may occur due to no oxygenated blood supply.
When to See a Doctor?
1. Frequent Episodes of Angina or Discomfort
The pain in the chest is known as the Angina. Angina mostly happens due to Coronary Heart Disease. The coronary artery is an artery which supplies all the nutrients to the heart. When the coronary artery gets blocked or suffers because of the high cholesterol, angina or the chest pain is experienced. This Angina pain may even be experienced in the neck, back, or jaw.
2. Heart Palpitations
Mostly not taken very seriously and therefore a patient finally suffers from a heart attack. They could happen because of the high-stress level, anxiety, or a hectic lifestyle. It is also a result of high intake of caffeine, drugs, alcohol, or nicotine. One should not take this lightly as this could be a sign of a heart attack. Usually, it signifies arrhythmia.
3. Unexplained Wheezing or Shortness Of Breathe
The wheezing occurs due to the excess mucus present in the respiratory tract. Shortness of breath is caused due to insufficiently oxygenated blood being provided to the lung. This is all the signs of the malfunctioning of the heart. One should go to his preferred doctor to get a checkup done.
4. Syncope or feeling dizzy
The most common form of fainting is the Neurally Mediated Syncope. This type of fainting is common in the children and the younger ones. It usually causes due to emotional stress. This symptom gradually drags one to a major cardiac attack. Therefore, a check from the doctor should be taken from time to time.
Facts about the Cardiac Arrest In Children
1. 1 out of 100 suffers from CHD
CHD (Congenital Heart Disease) is one of the common diseases suffered by the children. So often that 1 in every 100 kids born suffers from Congenital Heart Disease.
2. The experiences of the disease may be different from child to child
Some may require only monitoring while some may require immediate treatment. Some children’s disease may get detected just when they were born while it may take a few months for a baby to be diagnosed with a heart disease.
3. They should be treated equally
Being small kids, barely of any age and maturity, the children should be treated equally as like the other kids. They should be allowed to play and wander around the city like other children of their age do. They should be allowed to eat junk food as per the doctor’s given limit and advice. The children shouldn’t feel inferior to others because of the disease they are suffering from. This may add to a mental stress from their early ages.
4. Lifelong care
The only sad fact, that these diseases do not have any cure. Only they could be reported, monitored, and prevented but not cured. Therefore, these kids need a special care to be taken for the lifelong time. One should be available to them as and when required.
5. They are strong mentally, physically, and emotionally
The children suffering from the heart diseases go through many difficulties. Not only physically but mainly mentally. Open heart surgeries, cardiac catheterizations, stent placements, EKGs, echocardiograms, chest x-rays, and lot more in such small age affects their mind and mental health in a depressive manner. These children still manage to be strong enough to stand able in the society. One should help them become stronger and keep them motivated.
After Effects and Actions
Heart purifies the impure blood which is supplied to all the body parts. The brain is the head of the body, it controls all the actions performed. When a heart attack occurs the heart stops working, the supply of pure blood is abrupt. This causes no blood supply to the brain and hence the brain damage occurs. This causes immediate death.
1. Call 911
In order to prevent the patient from brain damage, immediate help should be called. Call 911 for an instant help. The brain damage may occur in just 5-6 mins after a cardiac attack.
2. Perform CPR
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is artificial or manual ventilation for keeping the brain active until a measure is taken or a help is called. It includes:
1. Gently tilt the head of the patient backward, placing palm on his head. Then move the chin forward. This will help to open the airway.
2. Perform a cycle of 30 compressions on the chest followed by a mouth-to-mouth breathing for two times. After this again perform a compression of 15 times and followed by breathing for the child.
3. Use Portable Defibrillator
Once a heart disease is detected, one can use AED (Automated External Defibrillator), a portable device which checks the heart rhythm. And whenever a beat miss or fast beating is detected, an electrical shock is given. This helps to prevent one from a Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
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